Father Junipero Serra (1713-1874)

The priest who is credited with creating California’s missions was born Miguel Jose Serra, on the island of Majorca off the coast of Spain.  Entering the Franciscan Order at sixteen when he took the baptismal name of Junipero, he was soon Continue reading Father Junipero Serra (1713-1874)

California’s Original Mexican Border

During the 300-plus years Spain claimed ownership of California by right of conquest, Spain’s official religion took a part in setting the state’s first southern boundary.  Imperial Spain’s Nueva Espana (New Spain) was far-flung:  it included the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Continue reading California’s Original Mexican Border