The Missions: Number 19

The 19th of the California missions, Santa Ines Virgen y Martir was founded September 17, 1804, and named for Saint Agnes of Assisi, a 13 year old Roman girl who was martyred in A.D. 304. It is one of few inland missions, built on a site chosen as a midway point between Mission Santa Barbara and Mission La Purisima, and also as a buffer against a hostile Indian group, the Tulares, Continue reading The Missions: Number 19

The Missions: Number 18

Formally named San Luis Rey de Francia, after St. Louis IX, King of France, the 18th California mission was founded June 13, 1798, by Fathers Fermin Lasuen, Antonio Peyri, and Juan Santiago in present-day Oceanside. The indigenous Indian tribes in the area, who performed almost all of the labor of construction, Continue reading The Missions: Number 18

The Missions: No. 17

Number 17 of the 21 missions, San Fernando Rey de España, was established September 8, 1797, by Father Fermin Lasuen—as the  4th mission he had founded that same summer—and  Father Francisco Dumetz. They named it for St. Ferdinand III, King of Leon and Castile, who was credited with freeing Spain from Continue reading The Missions: No. 17