Handsome, intelligent and capable, John Charles Fremont acquired valuable navigational and mapping skills while still in his twenties, as a member of the Army Topographical Corps’ exploration of the immense northern sections of the Louisiana Purchase— today the northern Midwest. In 1842 He was Continue reading J. C. Fremont
Now the largest city in northern California, San Jose was founded November 29, 1777, twenty years before Mission San Jose was built, as a farming community to provide food for Spain’s presidios in Monterey and San Francisco Bay. Its original name was El Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe (the Town of Saint Continue reading Founding San Jose
Tomorrow is the 107th anniversary of the election that finally awarded California women the right to vote. Woman Suffrage, as the cause was termed, had strong opposition, and a similar measure had been defeated in 1896 by well-populated San Francisco and Alameda counties. In 1911, however, organized Continue reading Victorious Ladies
The Greek word “Eureka,” translated as “I have found it,” has appeared on the state seal since 1849, when California’s first Constitutional Convention convened in Monterey preparatory to anticipated U. S. statehood. In 1849, the immense population influx from around the globe to California’s gold fields was called the Golden Migration, because most of the immigrants came looking for a fortune in gold. The seal was designed by Major Robert Garnett of the United States Army and adopted October 11, 1849. The spear-holding woman in the foreground is Minerva, Roman goddess of wisdom, signifying the political birth of the state as one springing forth “whole,” without having first been accorded official status as a United States Territory. The 31 white stars in a semi-circle above her head represent the number of states in the Union after California was admitted. The grizzly bear represents California wildlife, and the grapes symbolize the state’s agricultural richness. On the left a gold miner wields an ax. Ships on the Sacramento River illustrate the state’s commercial greatness, and the peaks of the Sierra Nevada make up the background.
Pierson B. Reading, the head fur trapper for Captain John Sutter in the early 1840s, was well known and respected in early California. He was the first known permanent settler in Shasta County, where he established a ranch on a 26,632- acre land grant awarded by Mexican Governor Micheltorena. Reading took part Continue reading Redding or Reading?