The Missions: Number 18

Formally named San Luis Rey de Francia, after St. Louis IX, King of France, the 18th California mission was founded June 13, 1798, by Fathers Fermin Lasuen, Antonio Peyri, and Juan Santiago in present-day Oceanside. The indigenous Indian tribes in the area, who performed almost all of the labor of construction, Continue reading The Missions: Number 18

The Missions: No. 17

Number 17 of the 21 missions, San Fernando Rey de España, was established September 8, 1797, by Father Fermin Lasuen—as the  4th mission he had founded that same summer—and  Father Francisco Dumetz. They named it for St. Ferdinand III, King of Leon and Castile, who was credited with freeing Spain from Continue reading The Missions: No. 17

The Missions: Number 16

Named for the archangel Michael, San Miguel Mission was founded on July 25, 1797, by Father Fermin de Lasuen.  It was the third mission founded during the summer of 1797, and the 16th mission established by the Franciscan priesthood, located to facilitate travel between already existing missions San Luis Obispo Continue reading The Missions: Number 16

The Missions: Number 15

Located between modern San Jose and Salinas, Mission San Juan Bautista, named for St. John the Baptist, was founded in June 1797 by Father Fermin de Lasuen as the 15th mission, which in time contained the largest California mission church.  Situated at the crossroads of El Camino Real and El Camino Viejo at Pacheco Continue reading The Missions: Number 15

The Missions: Number 14

Mission San Jose, the 14th of Spain’s missions in Alta California, was founded by Padre Fermin de Lasuen on June 11, 1797, on a site which was a natural highway between the Livermore and San Joaquin Valleys—today part of the city of Fremont.  Its original name La Mission del Gloriosisimo Patriarch San Jose honored St. Continue reading The Missions: Number 14