Settling California’s Borders

California Nevada mapCalifornia’s southern border was resolved by treaty in 1848 after the Mexican-American War, but until 1849 its northern limits stretched into Oregon Territory and its eastern boundary extended somewhat vaguely into present day Utah. That year the pre-statehood Constitutional Convention at Monterey set the Continue reading Settling California’s Borders

Geographic Extremes

california relief mapCalifornia is the third largest of the fifty states; only Alaska and Texas are larger. Its boundaries contain 163,707 square miles, of which 7,734 square miles are covered by water. Its odd shape permits its northern port city of Eureka to be the most westward city in the United States, while San Diego lies farther east than Reno, Nevada. In no other state are there so many variations Continue reading Geographic Extremes

Contra Costa County Then & Now

Contra Costa Mt. DiabloOne of the original counties created in 1850, Contra Costa’s Spanish language name means “opposite coast,” because of its location opposite San Francisco, in an easterly direction, on San Francisco Bay. Southern portions of its original territory were given up to form Alameda County in 1853.  At inception two of its Continue reading Contra Costa County Then & Now