All Hallows Eve

The migration of nearly two million Irish during 1845-1849 first brought the custom of Halloween to America. Irishmen by the thousands came to California for the Gold Rush from 1849 forward, although the traditions of adult legend-telling and children’s games on All Hallows Eve probably took a back seat to other considerations in those years.  Almanacs of the period make no mention of Halloween in their lists of holidays until later in the 19th century.  Have a safe & happy Halloween.

 

Independence Day 2017

Adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence publicly announced to the world the unanimous decision of the American colonies to declare themselves free and independent states, absolved from any allegiance to Great Britain. Though eloquent, the Declaration was only a statement of intent; a bloody, eleven-year war followed.  Today, remember those who gave their lives for our liberty.